Int J Med Parasitol Epidemiol Sci. 2023;4(2): 37-40.
doi: 10.34172/ijmpes.3106
  Abstract View: 138
  PDF Download: 32

Original Article

Prevalence of Heartworm Disease and Associated Polyorganic Lesions in Dogs With Sudden Death, Necropsied During 2022-2023 in Timisoara, Romania

Iasmina Luca 1* ORCID logo, Adrian Stancu 1 ORCID logo, Adrian Olariu-Jurca 1 ORCID logo, Yagoob Garedaghi 2 ORCID logo, Iniobong Chukwuebuka Ikenna Ugochukwu 3,4 ORCID logo

1 Department of Anatomic Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences “King Mihai I” from Timișoara, Romania
2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
4 Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Iasmina Luca, Email: iasmina.luca@usab-tm.ro


Introduction: Heartworm disease is increasingly diagnosed among the canine population from Romania.

Methods: In this study, 34 dogs were necropsied between 2022 and 2023.

Results: The prevalence of heartworm disease was 17.64% (6/34). Multiple organs were affected, including the pancreas, heart, lungs, kidneys, spleen, and liver. Generalized circulatory changes, with thrombosis and congestive-hemorrhagic foci, were observed, along with inflammatory processes. Acute pancreatitis has been very rarely reported by scientists, highlighting the importance of the present study.

Conclusion: By knowing all the lesions that can evolve and the organs that can be affected, veterinarians can improve laboratory diagnostic methods. Thus, specific biomarkers indicating degenerative processes in different organs can be supplemented to provide a more accurate diagnosis.

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Abstract View: 139

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Submitted: 25 Jan 2022
Accepted: 27 Feb 2022
ePublished: 29 Jun 2023
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